The Amazon is the world's second longest river. Only the Nile, in Africa, is longer. If you measure a river by the volume of water that flows along it, however, the Amazon is the world leader. About 20 per cent of all the water that the world's rivers pour into the oceans comes from the Amazon. It collects water from about 40 per cent of South America's land area along over 1000 tributaries, 17 of which are over 1600 kilometers long. From Iquitos in Peru all the way across Brazil to the Atlantic, the Amazon is between six and ten kilometers wide. It is even wider when it is flooded.
The first European found the Amazon because he was 200 miles out to sea and noticed that he was sailing in fresh water. He turned toward shore and found the Amazon river. Later ships would anchor in the outflow of the Amazon to kill all the marine life attached to their hulls before hauling the ships out to clean them (salt water organisms can't live in fresh water).
The Amazon River is 6280km long and its source is located in Calillona, Peru. The Mouth is located in North Eastern Brazil.
It is in this fertile Amazon basin where the worlds largest number of species live. It has the highest level of species diversity on the entire planet. It is here that our quest to find the Giant Sloth begins. In the past, stories have been handed down from generation to generation of a giant forest walker, with enormous claws and brute strength to topple trees. A horrible smell was also often associated with this animal. Many tribes considered him a God, a guardian of the forest. Recent genetic samples taken by the Cincinnati Bigfoot Research Group have come to be found as unknown, and most closely related to the sloth family. Further physical evidence has led us to believe that these Giant creatures, which existed as little as 8,000 years ago, may still be alive today. Before you scoff, keep in mind there are many new species of mammal found in the last decade, some very large. A new species of camel in Mongolia in the last year, and a new species of elephant two years ago in Asia. It is possible. Our area of focus will be between the Rio Negro and Jau Rivers, bordered by the Amazon.